September 11, 2017

What Every Person Should Know About Low T Levels

I’m writing this because of a friend who recently was going through this issue. It’s obviously something men don’t like to talk about! Low-Testosterone. We even call it Low-T so we don’t have say the T-Word. I did some research, and thought it would make a good blog. Some of my information came from Paradigm Hormones clinic for Low-T in Dallas (Highland Park).  Dr. Henry Ramirez and Dr. William Parker provided treatments for my friend, and he is back to his old self now.

Millions of men around the world, daily, are experiencing the effects of low testosterone. Many go about their normal lives and deal with these effects because they feel that their age warrants such a change. But what if someone told you that living with low t didn’t have to be mandatory?

Properties

Before explaining the principle of testosterone, people should understand what testosterone is and what its properties consist of.

  • Testosterone has an androgenic effect: masculinization, deeper voice, increase in body and facial hair, development of secondary sex organs, sebaceous gland production, male sex organ development, aggressiveness, energy and constant tone, and sexual behavior. It is also responsible for the maturation of spermatozoa. Puberty is triggered by testosterone.
  • There is also an anabolic effect, meaning testosterone allows the formation of tissues, which allows the muscular and bone growth. Testosterone causes an increase in muscle mass resulting in protein biosynthesis, increased red blood cell formation, easier regeneration, and faster recovery from injury or illness. This hormone also helps people lose fat faster because it boosts and increases basal metabolism (resting energy metabolism) and aerobic metabolism.

The basics

First, it is important to know the ranges doctors will look at when testing testosterone levels. In men, a so-called normal testosterone level can range from 300 nanograms/deciliter of blood (ng/dl) to 1000-1200 nanograms/dl. In women, this rate is, of course, naturally lower, and fluctuates between 30 and 95 nanograms per deciliter.

These rates vary with age, as previously noted, but there are also other factors to consider. A testosterone level that is low could be due to various issues.

What is the difference between SHBG and albumin?

The difference between the two is that with SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globulin), testosterone cannot be released. SHBG also carries estrogen. It is produced by the liver, but also by other sites: the brain, the uterus, and the vagina.

This protein helps regulate free testosterone and free estrogen levels. It is an indispensable balance which plays the role of androgen reduction and regulation. Testosterone increases fertility in humans as most people already know. On the contrary, estrogens which help women develop their “silhouette”, can increase man’s fat mass and diminish his virility and fertility.

A good testosterone/estrogen ratio should be optimized so that the SHBG carrier favors the transport of estrogens in humans and the reverse in women. In this way, there would be an increase in free testosterone in humans because SHBG is linked to estrogen. The albumin-bound part can separate from the carrier and penetrates tissues.

It becomes free and active. It can then be attached to the cellular receptors of the sexual organs and muscles.

Testosterone and hair production

Testosterone is said to cause hair loss. Hair loss is actually due to the DHT hormone.DHT is designed to accelerate the life cycle of some hair. It attaches to the androgenic (AR) sensors of the hair follicle cells. This abnormal acceleration imposes on the hair follicles and the roots a rate of infernal production, obliging them to make hair more and more fine and shorter.

Eventually, exhausted, the follicles become miniaturized and end up producing thinning hair, then nothing at all. At the end of the process, the inactive follicles sink into the dermis and become what is known as “baldness”. Of course, a person’s strength and muscle mass do not change since DHT levels do not deal with muscle growth.

Testosterone also seems to develop a pronounced anti-catabolic action. This makes it possible to reduce the proportion in which the proteins are eliminated via the muscle cells, especially during intense exercise. Steroidal molecules occupy the cortisone receptors located on the cell membrane and block them. Cortisone, a highly catabolic (degrading) hormone produced by the body, allows muscle cells to retain all their proteins. Testosterone fights against cortisol (catabolic hormone).